The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) estimates that 75% of Americans will have excess weight or obesity by 2020,1 yet 82% of individuals with obesity feel they are alone in their efforts to control their weight.2 Managing weight with the help of a medical professional can be a useful tool in treating obesity. Weight management can greatly improve overall health and lessen the impact of the diseases and conditions that can accompany obesity.
Fact 1: Medical weight management options are available for individuals living with excess weight and obesity and have proven results following modest to moderate weight-loss:
Fact 2: Medical weight management reduces effects of chronic diseases:
Fact 3: Medical weight management provided by an obesity medicine physician is a resource for patients affected by excess weight or obesity:
Fact 4: Minorities and middle-aged adults suffer from higher rates of obesity:
Fact 5: The costs and health effects of being overweight and living with obesity are high:
Fact 6: Insurance coverage for medical weight management is not sufficient. Many individuals affected by excess weight and obesity do not have access to specialized care. This places an economic burden on the healthcare system as costs increase with disease progression:
1. National Center for Health Statistics. (2017, May 03). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/obesity-overweight.htm
2. Kaplan, L. M., Golden, A., Jinnett, K., Kolotkin, R. L., Kyle, T. K., Look, M., . . . Dhurandhar, N. V. (2017). Perceptions of Barriers to Effective Obesity Care: Results from the National ACTION Study. Obesity, 26(1), 61-69. doi:10.1002/oby.22054
3. Carvajal R, Wadden TA, Tsai AG, Peck K, Moran CH. Managing obesity in primary care practice: a narrative review. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2013;1281:191-206.
4. Yanovski, S. L., M. D., Yanovski, J. A., M. D., PhD. (2014). Long-term Drug Treatment for Obesity: A Systematic and Clinical Review. JAMA 1;311(1):74-86. doi: 10.1001/jama.2013.281361.
5. Johns Hopkins Medicine. (2015, April 6). Few Commercial Weight-Loss Programs Show Reliable Evidence of Effectiveness, Johns Hopkins Reports [Press release]. Retrieved from https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/news/media/releases/few_commercial_weight_loss_programs_show_reliable_evidence_of_effectiveness_johns_hopkins_reports
6. Marion J. Franz, MS, RD; Jeffrey J. VanWormer, MS, A. et al. Weight-Loss Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Weight-Loss Clinical Trials with a Minimum 1-Year Follow-Up. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, Volume 107, Issue 10, October 2007, Pages 1755–1767.
7. W Timothy Garvey, Donna H Ryan, Michelle Look, Kishore M Gadde, et.al. Two-year sustained weight loss and metabolic benefits with controlled release phentermine/topiramate in obese and overweight adults (SEQUEL): a roandomized, placebo-controlled, phase 3 extension study 1-3. Am J Clin Nutr 2012;95:297-308.
8. Department of Health and Human Services. (2003). Your Guide to Lowering Blood Pressure[Brochure]. Washington, DC.
9. Centers for Disease Control. (2017, July 18). New CDC report: More than 100 million Americans have diabetes or prediabetes [Press release]. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2017/p0718-diabetes-report.html
10. Diabetes Prevention Program Research group. Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Reduction in the Incidence of Type 2 Diabetes with Lifestyle Intervention or Metformin. The New England Journal of Medicine. 2002, Vol. 346, No. 6.
11. Knutson KL, Ryden AM, Mander VA, Van Cauter E. Role of sleep duration and quality in the risk and severity of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Arch Intern Med 2006;166:1768–1764.
12. Kasasbeh E, Chi DS, Krishnaswamy G. Inflammatory aspects of sleep apnea and their cardiovascular consequences. South Med J 2006;99:58–67.
13. Samuel T. Kuna, MD; David M. Reboussin, PhD; Kelley E. Borradale, PhD; Mark H. Sanders, MD; et al, Sleep AHEAD Research Group of the Look AHEAD Research Group. Long-Term Effect of Weight Loss on Obstructive Sleep Apnea Severity in Obese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes. SLEEP 2013;36(5):641-649.
14. Katherine Esposito, MD, Alessandro Pontillo, MD, Carmen Di Palo, Giovanni Giugliano, MD, et al. Effect of weight loss and lifestyle changes on inflammatory markers in obese women. A randomized trial. JAMA, April 9, 2003, Vol. 289, No. 14.
15. B. (Ed.). (2014, March 26). The Role of the Obesity Medicine Physician. Bariatric Times.
16. (2014, April 28). Retrieved from https://www.abom.org/. Home Page
17. Alison F. Field, ScD; Eugenie H. Coakley; Aviva Must, PhD; Jennifer L. Spadano, MA; et al. Impact of Overweight on the Risk of Developing Common Chronic Diseases During a 10-Year Period. Arch Intern Med. 2001;161:1581-1586.
18. Must A, Spadano J, Coakley EH, Field E, et al. The Disease Burden Associated with Overweight and Obesity. JAMA, 1999;282:1523-1529.
19. National Institutes of Health, NCI Press Office. (2014, July 8). NIH study finds extreme obesity may shorten life expectancy up to 14 years [Press release]. National Institutes of Health. Retrieved from https://www.nih.gov/news-events/news-releases/nih-study-finds-extreme-obesity-may-shorten-life-expectancy-14-years
20. Biener, A., Cawley, J., & Meyerhoefer, C. (2017). The Impact of Obesity on Medical Care Costs and Labor Market Outcomes in the US. Clinical Chemistry, 64(1), 108-117. doi:10.1373/clinchem.2017.272450
21. Odgen, C. L., PhD, Carroll, M. D., MSPH, & Kit, B. K., MD, MPH. (2014). Prevalence of Obesity in the United States. Jama, 312(2), 188. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.6225
22. Centers for Disease Control Data and Statistics. (2018, March 05). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/adult.html
by David Arterburn, MD, MPH, and Jane Anau You’ve been wondering about bariatric surgery. When you first…Read Article
Robyn Pashby, PhD Almost all of my clients are struggling with finding their weight management routines these…Read Article