by Connie Stapleton, PhD
Fitness, according to the American Psychological Association (APA) Dictionary of Psychology, is having the skills it takes — the strength, agility and flexibility — to do what needs to be done in a person’s daily life without overly exerting themselves and still having enough energy to engage in activities they enjoy. Maintaining physical fitness includes the behaviors necessary to lose weight and maintain weight-loss: making healthy food choices, eating reasonable portion sizes, getting enough sleep, drinking plenty of water and consistently engaging in physical exercise.
Mental health, as defined by the APA, is “a state of mind characterized by emotional well-being, good behavioral adjustment, relative freedom from anxiety and disabling symptoms, and a capacity to establish constructive relationships and cope with the ordinary demands and stresses of life.”
Mental fitness, then, is having the skills to live as a well-adjusted adult. Attributes of maintaining mental fitness include:
You need to learn and practice good habits to increase both your physical and mental fitness. People working to lose weight and improve their overall physical fitness do so by:
The same physical activities necessary to lose weight are required to maintain weight-loss. To live at a weight that is healthy for your body means learning, practicing and sustaining these physical behaviors. People who do this end up with good overall physical fitness.
Good mental fitness is equally important in the process of losing weight and remaining at a healthy weight. Improving mental fitness also means learning, practicing and maintaining healthy emotional habits. Healthy emotional behaviors include:
Losing weight and maintaining a healthy weight require implementing and practicing both physical and mental fitness skills. Mental fitness skills help tremendously to encourage ongoing physical fitness. Having healthy goals and a positive outlook will strengthen your commitment to engaging in regular physical activity. Learning to set boundaries and establish healthy self-care practices will also reinforce physical fitness behaviors.
Research supports a strong connection between emotions and their impact on the body. Consistently feeling stressed, anxious or depressed can have a negative impact on your immune system and other bodily functions. Positive emotions, on the other hand, are linked to pain reduction, improved immunity and a longer life. Learning how to improve your mental fitness can help you follow through with the physical behaviors and habits that result in weight-loss and weight maintenance. The mind-body connection is key to being able to live a healthier life.
About the Author:
Connie Stapleton, PhD, is a licensed psychologist who has worked in the field of bariatric medicine for the past 15 years. She has published several books on the topic of bariatric surgery and is a national and international speaker for both patient and professional audiences. Dr. Stapleton’s primary focus is helping patients address emotional and psychological issues related to maintaining a healthy weight following bariatric surgery.
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