by Sarah Muntel, RD
Let’s face it… eating healthy can be a challenge. And weight maintenance can sometimes be just plain difficult! But when other health factors arise, eating a balanced diet and managing your weight can sometimes become overwhelming.
Food allergies and sensitivities affect 15 million people in the U.S., according to Food Allergy Research and Education – the world’s largest nonprofit organization dedicated to food allergy awareness, education, research and advocacy.
When certain foods are off limits or hard to tolerate, planning a healthy meal or following a balanced diet can be difficult. For many, this can mean healthy foods are left out of the plan while unhealthy foods are added in. But education and planning are keys to managing both!
Many people use these two terms interchangeably, but they’re quite different. You have a food sensitivity or intolerance when your body has trouble digesting certain foods. When these foods are eaten, they may cause issues such as stomach cramping, nausea or diarrhea. The aftermath deters many people from eating them.
A food allergy is different, and often more severe. Your body’s immune system kicks in when you eat something you’re allergic to. These defense mechanisms may include rashes, tingling in the mouth, swelling of the lips or even difficulty breathing.
There are many foods people can be allergic to, but some are more common than others. Some common allergens include:
The types of allergic reactions people may have after eating certain foods are also different. One person may eat peanuts and begin itching immediately while another might have difficulty breathing.
On the other hand, some people don’t have a true food allergy; they may have a sensitivity toward certain foods. Lactose intolerance is a common example in which some people lack the enzyme lactase which helps digest lactose found in milk products. Those who are lactose intolerant may find it difficult to eat milk, yogurt or ice cream, though hard cheeses may be tolerable.
Sensitivity to gluten is also common. Again, after eating something that contains gluten (a protein found in wheat), people will often experience stomach upset, nausea, diarrhea or fatigue. Those with gluten sensitivities will usually opt for gluten-free foods.
A weight management plan can be more difficult to follow if you live with food allergies and intolerances. But with a little thinking and planning, maintaining a healthy diet and weight is totally possible! Find a plan that you can follow long-term and try the below tips for staying nutritionally sound:
Schedule a Visit with a RD
A Registered Dietitian (RD) can help you develop a balanced, effective meal plan that takes your food allergies and intolerances into account. You can also address items you may be missing. For example, if you have an egg allergy, you might talk to a RD about eating enough protein. If you’re avoiding milk, you may plan to add in calcium-rich foods to meet your nutritional needs.
Work on Your Mindset
Don’t focus on what you can’t have, but on what you can have. Instead of saying, “I can’t have bread because of my wheat allergy,” focus on the positive. Say, “I am choosing to make
a sandwich with corn tortillas.” Luckily, with the food industry growing, there are many alternative options and choices at grocery stores and restaurants.
Read the Food Label
On the back of every packaged food item is a label with an ingredient list. Read through this list to see if it contains anything you’re allergic to. Some items may contain very small amounts of a certain allergen, but even small amounts can still affect you.
Consider a Multivitamin
When you eliminate a certain food group from your plan, your meal plan may come up short! Your body might end up missing key nutrients. Consider a multivitamin to help you bridge the gap so you meet all your nutritional needs. However, make sure to check the ingredients for any potential allergens.
Thankfully, there are many alternatives for foods that contain common allergens. It’s important to find the right alternative without adding in filler “junk” foods. See the tips offered in this article for some great alternatives and recipes to try.
If you’re allergic to milk or you’re lactose intolerant, you probably want to avoid milk. With a true milk allergy, you might avoid all products containing milk such as breads, baked goods or macaroni and cheese. Instead of eliminating, try substituting! Check-out these swaps:
Strawberry Oatmeal Breakfast Smoothie
In a blender, combine soy milk, oats, banana and strawberries. Add vanilla and sugar if desired. Blend until smooth.
Per serving: 236 calories; 3.7 g fat; 44.9 g carbohydrates; 7.6 g protein; 0 mg cholesterol; 65 mg sodium
Wheat allergies or gluten sensitivities can also be challenging and require some thought. Many products contain wheat such as pastas, breads and baked goods. Wheat can also be found in very small amounts inside processed meats, sauces, condiments and some flavored chips. Some products such as oats are naturally gluten-free, but can have some cross-contamination after processing. Read the nutrition label and look for healthy substitutions!
Healthy Oatmeal Muffins
It’s true that food allergies can sometimes be overwhelming, especially if you are working on managing your weight.
Take time to do your research and find some great options that will fit into your plan. You’ll find keys to success with creativity, a positive outlook and some dedication!
About the Author:
Sarah Muntel, RD, is a Registered Dietitian from Indianapolis. She has worked in bariatrics for the past 18 years with both bariatric and metabolic surgery patients as well as medical weight-loss patients. Throughout her career, Sarah has worked in several bariatric centers in Indianapolis. She is currently the Bariatric Coordinator with Community Health Network. Sarah is an active member of the Obesity Action Coalition (OAC) and also serves on the OAC Education Committee. She also plays an active role in the Indiana State Chapter of the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery (ASMBS).
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